This article is about how I process black-and-white (B&W) films. I choose to hand process my 4×5, 120, and the occasional 135 films. Here, I will share the processing equipment I have used and what I have been using for the past decade. The following information is not a deep dive into B&W processing, as there is a wealth of information available elsewhere. It is simply a sharing of information on what works for me after I have spent a considerable amount of time polishing my different techniques. Please keep in mind some film processing chemicals can harm humans and the environment, and always educate yourself about the chemicals you will be using before you begin the process. I do not advocate for any particular chemical, process, or equipment; I share how I do it. Let’s get started.

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